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Germans settling North America

going Dutch – gone American

This book demonstrates the most important features of the migration process of Germans, mostly from the North and Northwest, to North America (US and Canada) during the 17th to the 20th centuries. Two thirds of the places founded or cofounded by German settlers in North America bear "North" German names, one third "South" German names. This non-linear distribution pattern is indirectly dependent on the old dividing line called "Benrather Linie", separating distinctive speech patterns. These in turn influenced the name giving of places in Germany according to the multi-volume Deutsche Städtebücher. In the US this distribution pattern is rather exact, in Canada it is less pronounced. This phenomenon is governed by a sort of perceptual geography, and by the·old, ultimately Hanseatic, custom of cohesion or cohort feeling.

Titel: Germans settling North America
Untertitel: going Dutch – gone American
Weitere Titel Going Dutch – gone American
Germans settling North America
Verfasser: Gellinek, Christian GND
Organisation: Einrichtungen außerhalb der WWU
Dokumenttyp: Buch
Medientyp: Text
Erscheinungsdatum: 2003
Publikation in MIAMI: 11.01.2017
Datum der letzten Änderung: 11.01.2017
Quelle: Druckausgabe unter dem Titel: Gellinek, Christian: Going Dutch – gone American : Germans settling North America. Münster : Aschendorff, 2003, ISBN 3-402-05182-6
Schlagwörter: Nordamerika; Nordwestdeutschland; Deutsche; Einwanderung; Auswanderung; Bevölkerungsgeografie
North America; Northwest Germany; German; Immigration; Emigration; Population geography
Fachgebiete: Geschichte Mitteleuropas; Deutschlands; Geschichte Nordamerikas; Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie
Rechtlicher Vermerk: © 2003 Aschendorff Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Münster. Digitale Publikation mit Genehmigung des Verlages.
Sprache: Englisch
Anmerkungen: Addenda 2016 auf S. 213
Format: PDF-Dokument
ISBN: 978-3-402-05182-5
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:6-53259723638
From Prelude to Surviving, Peopling and Serving ….. 1
Chapter 1: Shipbuilding in Lübeck ….. 5
Chapter 2: Sequestering ships ….. 10
Chapter 3: Transportation of Cohort Germans by the Dutch Merchant fleet to New Amsterdam ….. 14
Chapter 4: New Amsterdam changing to New York ….. 19
Chapter 5: The Yankee vs. the Yorker type ….. 21

Fragments of Freedom Combined ….. 25
Chapter 1: The spread of the dollar as specie ….. 25
Chapter 2: Libel or freedom of the press as token of democracy ….. 29
Chapter 3: 1803: The Louisiana Sale and Purchase and its repercussions on German mass immigration from 1804–1861; “cohort” settling of the wilderness ….. 34
Chapter 4: The yarn spinner Gottfried Duden vs. Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy ….. 38
Chapter 5: The years 1848–1864; the paradigm of the Deitch company; the Mason-Dixon line; the strengthening of Northern power and the expansion of the US stature ….. 45

Rural and Urban Co-founded Settlement Places ….. 53
Chapter 1: The naming process of places in America ….. 53
Chapter 2: A list of co-founded places in the British and French provinces of North America [Canada] ….. 58
Chapter 3: A list of co-founded places in 18th–19th century US history ….. 70
A. Extended North ….. 73
B. Extended South ….. 94
C. Extended Atlantic ….. 107
D. The West ….. 127
E. Pacific Coast ….. 133
Chapter 4: Comparative results and hindsight perspectives on the co-founding processes ….. 138
A. US ….. 138
B. Canada ….. 146
C. A comparison of name losses in Canada and the US ….. 149
Chapter 5: The differences ….. 155

Language as deconstructing resource ….. 161
Chapter 1: From 1st generation primary German speaking to 2nd generation English speaking ….. 161
Chapter 2: German Bibles as pillars of resistance in North America ….. 164
Chapter 3: Pennsylvania Dutch, a German American Dialect ….. 166
Chapter 4: The “Dutch Uncle” Humour, or Galgenhumor, and its critics ….. 170
A. Washington Irving ….. 175
B. Thomas Chandler Haliburton ….. 179
C. Mark Twain ….. 185
Chapter 5: Residues of spoken dialect in controlled acculturation literature ….. 190

Balancing the FOUR PARTS: debit-credit Germany-US and Canada: GONE AMERICAN ….. 191
Chapter 1: German law of emigration background ….. 193
Chapter 2: Canada-US acculturation contrasts ….. 195
Chapter 3: The ethno-nationalist American and Canadian models ….. 198
Chapter 4: The price of the bargain: who was going Dutch? ….. 201
Chapter 5: Americana Teutonicae: E Pluribus Duo; A Mari Usque Ad Mare ….. 203

Chapter 1: Glossary of terms used in this book ….. 205
Chapter 2: German American and German-Canadian bibliography ….. 207
A. Place name sources bibligraphy ….. 207
B. German American and Canadian bibliography: secondary literature ….. 208
C. Further background secondary literature ….. 210
Chapter 3: References on state place names ….. 211
Chapter 4: Statistical data ….. 214
Chapter 5: Letter by F. S. C. Northrop to the author, dated 1960 ….. 220