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Do syllables play a role in German speech perception? Behavioral and electrophysiological data from primed lexical decision

We investigated the role of the syllable during speech processing in German, in an auditory-auditory fragment priming study with lexical decision and simultaneous EEG registration. Spoken fragment primes either shared segments (related) with the spoken targets or not (unrelated), and this segmental overlap either corresponded to the first syllable of the target (e.g., /teis/ – /teisti/), or not (e.g., /teis/ – /teistləs/). Similar prime conditions applied for word and pseudoword targets. Lexical decision latencies revealed facilitation due to related fragments that corresponded to the first syllable of the target (/teis/ – /teisti/). Despite segmental overlap, there were no positive effects for related fragments that mismatched the first syllable. No facilitation was observed for pseudowords. The EEG analyses showed a consistent effect of relatedness, independent of syllabic match, from 200 to 500 ms, including the P350 and N400 windows. Moreover, this held for words and pseudowords that differed however in the N400 window. The only specific effect of syllabic match for related prime—target pairs was observed in the time window from 200 to 300 ms. We discuss the nature and potential origin of these effects, and their relevance for speech processing and lexical access.

Titel: Do syllables play a role in German speech perception? Behavioral and electrophysiological data from primed lexical decision
Verfasser: Bien, Heidrun
Bölte, Jens GND
Zwitserlood, Pienie GND
Organisation: FB 07: Psychologie und Sportwissenschaft
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Medientyp: Text
Erscheinungsdatum: 12.01.2015
Publikation in MIAMI: 28.01.2015
Datum der letzten Änderung: 16.04.2019
Quelle: Frontiers in Psychology 5 (2015) 1544, 1-12
Schlagwörter: speech perception; form priming; ERPs; lexical access; lexical decision; syllables; fragment priming; German language
Fachgebiete: Psychologie
Lizenz: CC BY 4.0
Sprache: Englisch
Anmerkungen: Finanziert durch den Open-Access-Publikationsfonds 2014/2015 der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) und der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster (WWU Münster).
Format: PDF-Dokument
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:6-00379579497
Permalink: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:6-00379579497
DOI: doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01544
ISSN: 1664-1078
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