Fight or flight? Behaviour and experiences of laypersons in the face of an incipient fire
Within minutes, an incipient fire can develop into a life-threatening full fire. Consequently, it should be fought as early as possible. But are laypersons capable of doing this? In such a situation, how do they behave and feel? These questions are addressed in the current study. Persons without any...
|Division/Institute:||FB 07: Psychologie und Sportwissenschaft|
|Date of publication on miami:||14.04.2021|
|Edition statement:||[Electronic ed.]|
|Subjects:||Firefighting; laypeople; attitudes; self-efficacy; training effects Forschungsprojekt FIRE|
|DDC Subject:||150: Psychologie|
|Notes:||Ergonomics 64 (2020) 2, 149-170 |
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in “Ergonomics” on 26 Oct 2020, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00140139.2020.1825824
The data of this study are available at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3753931.
|Funding:||This work was supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (funding code FKZ 13N14208).|
|Other Identifiers:||DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2020.1825824|
Within minutes, an incipient fire can develop into a life-threatening full fire. Consequently, it should be fought as early as possible. But are laypersons capable of doing this? In such a situation, how do they behave and feel? These questions are addressed in the current study. Persons without any professional firefighting training (N = 64) were confronted in two experimental runs with a real incipient fire in the form of a burning pillow. The results show that most participants were motivated and able to extinguish the fire successfully. However, most of them made a number of mistakes. Of central importance for extinguishing the fire was self-efficacy. Furthermore, participants improved greatly in the second round, especially regarding reaction time span and various psychological variables (e.g. stress, mood). Particularly on the basis of these exercise effects, we can derive a number of practical implications.