Orthodontic treatment of children/adolescents with special health care needs: an analysis of treatment length and clinical outcome

Background: The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the treatment time and differences between the pre- and post-treatment peer assessment rating (PAR) index and aesthetic component (AC) of the index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) scores in children/adolescents with special health c...

Authors: Blanck-Lubarsch, Moritz
Hohoff, Ariane
Wiechmann, Dirk
Stamm, Thomas
Division/Institute:FB 05: Medizinische Fakultät
Document types:Article
Media types:Text
Publication date:2014
Date of publication on miami:21.11.2014
Modification date:16.04.2019
Edition statement:[Electronic ed.]
Source:BMC Oral Health 14 (2014) 67, 1-10
Subjects:Orthodontic treatment; Children/adolescents with special health care needs (SHCNs); Treatment time; Success; Peer assessment rating (PAR) index; Index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN); Aesthetic component (AC)
DDC Subject:610: Medizin und Gesundheit
License:CC BY 2.0
Language:English
Notes:Finanziert durch den Open-Access-Publikationsfonds 2014/2015 der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) und der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster (WWU Münster).
Format:PDF document
ISSN:1472-6831
URN:urn:nbn:de:hbz:6-91339665627
Permalink:http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:hbz:6-91339665627
Other Identifiers:DOI: doi:10.1186/1472-6831-14-67
Digital documents:1472-6831-14-67.pdf

Background: The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the treatment time and differences between the pre- and post-treatment peer assessment rating (PAR) index and aesthetic component (AC) of the index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) scores in children/adolescents with special health care needs (SHCNs), compared to non-special health care needs (NSHCNs) controls. Methods: Based on certain inclusion and exclusion criteria, medical records of SHCNs and randomly selected NSHCNs controls at the Department of Orthodontics, University Hospital Muenster were analysed retrospectively for the treatment time, number of appointments, chair time (“moderate” or “considerable”), PAR scores, and AC scores. Sample size calculation, descriptive statistics, and explorative analyses were performed using the Mann–Whitney U Test. Results: Twenty-nine children with SHCNs (21 boys, 9 girls; median age: 11 years, pre-treatment) and 29 children with NSHCNs (12 boys, 17 girls; median age: 12 years, pre-treatment) were enrolled in this study. The overall treatment time did not differ between the patient groups. However, more “considerable chair time” was needed for the SHCNs group compared to the control group (p