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Investigating the flow of information during speaking: the impact of morpho-phonological, associative, and categorical picture distractors on picture naming

In three experiments, participants named target pictures by means of German compound words (e.g., Gartenstuhl–garden chair), each accompanied by two different distractor pictures (e.g., lawn mower and swimming pool). Targets and distractor pictures were semantically related either associatively (garden chair and lawn mower) or by a shared semantic category (garden chair and wardrobe). Within each type of semantic relation, target and distractor pictures either shared morpho-phonological (word-form) information (Gartenstuhl with Gartenzwerg, garden gnome, and Gartenschlauch, garden hose) or not. A condition with two completely unrelated pictures served as baseline. Target naming was facilitated when distractor and target pictures were morpho-phonologically related. This is clear evidence for the activation of word-form information of distractor pictures. Effects were larger for associatively than for categorically related distractors and targets, which constitute evidence for lexical competition. Mere categorical relatedness, in the absence of morpho-phonological overlap, resulted in null effects (Experiments 1 and 2), and only speeded target naming when effects reflect only conceptual, but not lexical processing (Experiment 3). Given that distractor pictures activate their word forms, the data cannot be easily reconciled with discrete serial models. The results fit well with models that allow information to cascade forward from conceptual to word-form levels.

Titel: Investigating the flow of information during speaking: the impact of morpho-phonological, associative, and categorical picture distractors on picture naming
Verfasser: Bölte, Jens GND
Böhl, Andrea GND
Dobel, Christian
Zwitserlood, Pienie
Organisation: FB 07: Psychologie und Sportwissenschaft
FB 05: Medizinische Fakultät
Dokumenttyp: Artikel
Medientyp: Text
Erscheinungsdatum: 12.10.2015
Publikation in MIAMI: 15.10.2015
Datum der letzten Änderung: 15.10.2015
Quelle: Frontiers in Psychology 6 (2015) 1540, 1-16
Schlagwörter: picture–picture paradigm; morphology; spoken word production; cascading activation; discrete activation; semantic relatedness; assoicative relatedness; categorical relatedness
Fachgebiete: Psychologie
Lizenz: CC BY 4.0
Sprache: Englisch
Anmerkungen: Finanziert durch den Open-Access-Publikationsfonds 2015/2016 der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster (WWU Münster).
Format: PDF-Dokument
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:6-08219567378
Permalink: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:6-08219567378
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01540
ISSN: 1664-1078
Onlinezugriff: