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Organizational intelligence and negotiation based DAI systems – theoretical foundations and experimental results

A steadily increasing number of researchers believes that so-called ’organizational’ multi agent systems are a key technology to support information and knowledge processing activities in cooperative, networked organizations. This, in turn, necessitates their integration with the underlying human-centred organization.The concept of an ’organization’ has emerged as central to the structuring of activities of both decentralized industrial and commercial conglomerates and collections of intelligent problem solvers within Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) systems. Of late a new discipline has begun to emerge, that of Organizational Intelligence (OI). Organizational Intelligence demands a greater synthesis between the principles of Organization Theory (OT) and DAI, by the explicit incorporation of theories of both organizations and DAI into the field of OI. This paper concentrates on two rather important features of OI, namely organizational memory and learning capabilities. It will first discuss the theoretical foundations. Then it will be shown how the contract net approach can be extended to meet these demands. Finally, it will be proved by some experimental results that the increased "intellectual" capabilities of the extended contract net will substantially contribute to the performance as well as the quality of solution processes.

Titel: Organizational intelligence and negotiation based DAI systems – theoretical foundations and experimental results
Verfasser: Unland, Rainer GND
Organisation: FB 04: Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät
Dokumenttyp: Arbeitspapier
Medientyp: Text
Erscheinungsdatum: November 1994
Publikation in MIAMI: 21.09.2008
Datum der letzten Änderung: 28.01.2015
Reihe Arbeitsberichte des Instituts für Wirtschaftsinformatik ; 35
Fachgebiete: Wirtschaft; Datenverarbeitung; Informatik
Sprache: Englisch
Format: PDF-Dokument
URN: urn:nbn:de:hbz:6-43599422827
1 Introduction ..... 3
2 Theoretical foundations ..... 4
2.1 Matsuda's OI approach – a brief introduction ..... 4
2.2 The capability to learn from the point of view of organization theory ..... 6
2.2.1 Individual learning ..... 7
2.2.2 Micro organizational learning ..... 8
2.2.3 Macro organizational learning ..... 8
3 Extension of contract-net-based systems by OI-components ..... 9
4 Realization in a scenario ..... 11
4.1 Description of the scenario ..... 11
4.2 The basic structure of the system ..... 12
4.2.1 Implementation of Mr. X ..... 12
4.2.2 Implementation of the agent system ..... 12 The negotiation process in the problem solving system ..... 12 Learning within the scenario ..... 13
4.3 Schematical run of a move in the OI-scenario ..... 14
5 Presentation and Evaluation of the Results ..... 14
6 Conclusion ..... 20
Literature ..... 20